The "primeval code" for home users
The book "The Primeval Code" by the Swiss author Luc Bürgin attracted a lot of attention in 2008. Apparently, two biologists had made an astonishing discovery: crop seeds exposed to strong DC electric fields subsequently showed a greater yield and more resistance to pest infestation. Guido Ebner, son of one of the two discoverers, has continued the research and developed a "green box" with which the "primeval code" can also be used at home.
By Daniel Ebner, Switzerland
Of the physical conditions that drive the evolution of biological forms, temperature, pressure and electromagnetic radiation have been scientifically investigated. On the other hand, static physical fields such as gravity as well as magnetic and electric fields have been much less taken into account in previous work. Their impact on biological evolution is therefore still largely unknown.
However, while studies with magnetic fields and gravity are gradually becoming the focus of biologists, research on static electric fields remains very rare. This is probably due to the doctrine that an electric field in a medium filled with charge carriers is shielded by the formation of an electric double layer.
The biological E-field effect
Nevertheless, we have undertaken to expose biological material to electric fields that exceed the natural field strength of the atmosphere by several orders of magnitude. Surprisingly, it has been shown that organisms, but also isolated biological material, respond to static electric fields. The promising results can be summarized under the following points.
We have found that
1) the rate of growth is changed, usually increased;
2) changes the composition of a population within a community;
3) in the germination phase, morphogenesis changes;
4) stressful situations are better overcome;
5) the fertilization and germination rate is increased.
These findings indicate that a static electric field interferes with the kinetics of the material distribution of a cell and that it influences the competitive pressure of the species.
In raum&zeit 152 (March/April 2008), the two Basel biologists Guido Ebner and Heinz Schürch presented the results of their investigations on physiological and phenotypic influences on organisms during their development under a greatly increased static electric field. In a wide variety of plants such as ferns, cress, wheat and maize, but also in the breeding of rainbow trout, they showed phenotypic (in terms of appearance) changes. These were reproducible, as corresponding experiments at the Guido Ebner Institute GEI in Basel and at other institutes in Germany showed. Reproducible results were also obtained from experiments with potatoes, peas, tomatoes and radishes.
Professor Rothe, professor emeritus at the Institute of General Botany in Mainz, told raum&zeit at the time: "The morphological changes are astonishing, even if our results were not as spectacular as those of Ebner and Schürch. We found a 50 percent higher germination rate in maize. [...]" And he continued: "Under the same conditions, the experiments are reproducible, even if not every plant reacts in the same way, i.e. the mean deviation is reproducible."
Explanations for the observable, phenotypic and physiological changes are still in the dark. As ingredient analyses showed, the protein fractions of wheat are different from untreated control plants and increased in quantity after germination in a static electric field.
In the case of maize, the analysis did not reveal any deviations in ingredients between E-field exposed and non-exposed controls, and the increase in yield of around 40 percent alone is astonishing. This clearly proves that no undesirable protein products and no toxic ingredients are produced by exposure to a static electric field.
There are several hypotheses to explain the observed phenomena. Professor Rothe said that under the influence of the E field, there may be changes in chromatin (the material that makes up chromosomes). The methylation rate of the histones around which the DNA is wrapped should also be examined to determine whether it is altered and thus the surgical transcription of the DNA is altered. Furthermore, the spatial arrangement of the DNA may also be altered and/or the increased amount of DNA found by the biologist Jens Stark may indicate a stronger mitochondrial sprouting.
These cellular studies have not yet been carried out. The infrastructure for this is still lacking at GEI, and most other institutions have not yet started these investigations. "Fear of contact" with a phenomenon for which there is still no satisfactory explanation from school science probably plays a role here.
What we know so far is that
- the phenotype changes within a generation due to changes in environmental conditions;
- higher electrical potential differences at the body's own membranes shift protein fractions inside the cells;
- Gene mutations due to altered electric field strengths do not occur.
From this we conclude that although gene expression changes, the genetic information remains unchanged.
There are now two attempts to explain this.
- Epigenetic effect:
A static electric field influences gene retrieval by means of influence and thus leads to altered genetic expression. This means that switch molecules, proteins and other signaling substances that determine in the cell whether and when genes are switched on or off are reactivated or deactivated. This influence is reversible. The chromosome winding may also be altered by polarity amplification.
A bifurcation is a qualitative change of state in systems under the influence of a parameter such as a static electric field. In Fig. XY, the parameter is represented as a lambda. The two drawn lines reflect the lines of development of the two achievable states, the dashed line indicates a potential further development that has not yet been realized. If a parameter reaches the threshold value, two stable states can suddenly arise, one of which represents the continuous development of the previous state, while the other represents a completely new, different stable state. The plant can change from one state to another. Thus, it is possible for two products to emerge from the same original form.
Investigations in the laboratory
Jens Stark carried out a project work on the topic of "Prehistoric Code" for the final course at the Natural Science and Technology Academy (NTA) in Isny, Baden-Württemberg. The aim of his research was to fundamentally support – or refute – the controversial laboratory experiments with a well thought-out investigation. For his experiments, the researcher used cress seeds.
According to the book "The Prehistoric Code" by Luc Bürgin, Jens Stark used 800 cress seeds twice, with one group serving as a control. The other was exposed to an E-field of 1500 volts/centimeter during germination and then sown. Although the experiment had to be stopped due to fungal infestation, it yielded an interesting result. This is because the irradiated seedlings proved to be far more resistant. There were about six times more E-field cress plants in better condition than in the control cress.
The second attempt with two times 500 seeds turned out to be even more exciting. Jens Stark: "The DNA quantity determination showed a difference of more than 30 percent! What this increased amount of E-field cress is due to remains a mystery at the moment, as the cress was in the E-field without water and therefore probably no cell activity, such as division, occurred in the dry cress seeds.(Quote from the "Prehistoric Code")
Finally, another surprise followed: "In protein determination, we were able to measure significant differences between the two groups. Here, too, the E-field organisms had a significantly higher concentration," Bürgin quotes Stark in the "Prehistoric Code". Since no differences could be found in the morphological comparison, the cause of this increased protein production also remains in the dark.
Field trials in Bavaria
Thanks to the financial support of the Bavarian agricultural cooperative "Verein Forum Bioenergetik e. V.", we were able to spread different types of grain on three fields with farmers in Germany in 2008. The seeds had previously been exposed to a 1250 volt/centimeter electrostatic field.
In the case of wheat and maize, the harvest volume was significantly higher. Compared to the control area, the electrostatically treated spring wheat yielded a respectable 20 percent more in the field – and without the use of pesticides or herbicides. The seeds were sown at the end of March 2008 and harvested at the end of June. The two cultivation fields were each about half a hectare in size. Overall, the growth of the E-field plants was lower than that of the untreated control group, but the yield per plant was significantly higher. Other sedge and grass species also developed in the grain field, which emerged as green plants among the wheat plants. This led to difficulties in mechanized harvesting with the combine, which was hampered by the green plants and had to be cleaned several times.
Smaller, but more yield
In the case of E-field maize, the additional yield compared to the control group after harvest could even be estimated at 35 to 38 percent. In this case, too, the E-field plants were smaller in stature, but the yield per stem was significantly higher. In some cases, the individual plants also formed several stems. In addition, an average of three to five cobs per plant was counted among the E-field sprouts, in individual cases up to nine pieces! The seeds were sown at the beginning of May and harvested at the end of September. In contrast to wheat, pesticides were used in maize due to pest infestation in both groups.
The trials in Bavaria with treated maize have been repeated annually since the first trial in 2008. The additional yield compared to the untreated maize seeds used in each case was between 35 and 40 percent each year. However, there was no evidence of an improvement in resistance to fungi and European corn borers.
In the fall of 2012, we planted half of the seeds for one hectare of winter wheat as controls and half as seeds under a static electric field. Sowing took place in the 3rd week of November 2012. The severe dampness and cold that set in at the end of December took its toll on the plants. Resilience was required. In March, we realized that the controls will not survive and the loss will be too great. We decided to plow and sow spring wheat.
Higher protein content
The analysis of the harvest of irradiated winter wheat in June 2013 showed a significantly increased value of 14.4 g/hl (unit?) for the protein content compared to 10.6 g/hl of the control (spring wheat), which corresponds to an increase of 36 percent. This, in turn, resulted in the fact that the baking quality of the flour obtained from this wheat corresponds to category A1 (very good).
The total additional yield of irradiated wheat was 1/3 per hectare, i.e. a good 30 percent. In addition, the plants are more resilient and have survived the violent, damp and cold weather conditions of the first half of 2013.
Further attempts in 2013
Results and outlook
Rice (Oryza sativa)
Exposure: 750V/cm; 1250V/cm;1500V/cm
Duration of exposure: 6 days
Rice one at a time on a damp surface
Rice panicle on a damp surface
Rice panicle on pond soil
Small plants were brought to Bali: they survived this transport, but they were planted late, so they were very weakened. Fruiting did not occur later.
Seeds planted in Bali fungus within 2 days and the SEF was not stable.
No expulsion, fungus
Sprouting with partial fungal infestation Sprouting without fungal infestation
Expulsion at 1500V/cm was fastest
The chance of survival of the 1500V/cm rice seeds after planting in a waterbed was most resistant to temperatures in Basel's own garden
No success after moving to the tropical house
Repetition and direct application in the tropical house, so that no climatic stress is shown
Tomatoes (Cherry and Berner)
Exposure duration: 10 days
Seeds on a moist substrate
Seeds on sowing soil
Sprouting and partial fungus
Sprouting without fungus
Handover and transport to Turkey led to great stress, results pending
Suggestion: On-site repetition in Turkey
Exposure duration: 21 days
Tubers in a damp chamber
Tubers in sowing soil
Fungus and partial germination
The box for experiments at home
At the request of the Guido Ebner Institute, and because of all the many inquiries that were addressed to the Guido Ebner Institute, we decided to produce a small test box for home use. We call this box "FIOS Greenbox". FIOS stands for "Food in Open Source". Open source is a well-known technology in software development. It states that no one can have a private claim to the technology or the software, but everyone can participate in the development and improvement.
The FIOS Greenbox is an aid to increase fertility (reproductive power) via the static electric field and to achieve an improved harvest. The seed remains in the user's hands.
The FIOS Greenbox is made from well-known standard materials used in our research. We are currently producing a first batch of 100 pieces. Further series are to follow, provided that the demand is high enough. The advantage is that standardised experiments can now be carried out in allotment gardens or as micro-experiments with farmers.
The FIOS Greenbox consists of a plexiglass housing, a drawer and two perforated plates as poles, with the negative pole at the top and the positive pole at the bottom. The high-voltage source, which is also integrated, is operated from the outside with a 12-volt voltage converter supplied. This can be connected either to a socket with 220 or 110 volts. However, it is also possible to connect the device to a solar panel with a downstream 12-volt battery or a car battery.
Easy to use
The operation of the FIOS Greenbox is simple. Remove the drawer and moisten a single flow cloth with drinking water or water from a flowing water. Sterilized, deionized, distilled, or wastewater should not be used. The user then places the moistened flowing cloth in the drawer and sprinkles the plant seeds over it in as single layers as possible and closes the drawer. When selecting the power supply head for the power supply, it is possible to set the output values (= input values for the box) 12 V, 9 V, 6 V, 3 V and 0 V via the yellow round screw head using a supplied key. This results in field strengths between the plates in the box of 1500 volts/centimeter, 1250 V/cm, 750 V/cm or 500 V/cm (?). Last but not least, the power supply is connected to the power socket of 220 V (or 110V in the USA or Canada).
The seeds are left in the static electric field until the seedlings show the first shoots. Then the user plants the germinated seed in a balcony trough, pot or prepared garden bed. For the first attempt, we send cress seeds together with the FIOS Greenbox, which should sprout within 2 to 3 days. Based on the experience of our previous applications, we have compiled a small compilation of the static field strengths in the following table:
The cost of a FIOS Greenbox is CHF460 plus shipping costs and VAT. We wish all users much success and joy in the tests with the FIOS Greenbox and would be very happy to receive a lot of feedback on our forum www.fios-greenbox.net/forum.